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I tried to google the first name on that list and came up with… that list. Margaret 30 October at 8: The quick chemical-technological fix [how American is that! Revision of the Nutrition and Supplement Facts Labels. What the anti-gmo cult hailed as a triumph recently, the fraudulent Carman pig study, was indeed funded by a seed company like Monsanto. If all else fails, read the instructions. The rest of us will be busy at return-to-local economies focussed on the health essentials of eating both locally and according to what is locally in season.
As a food industry employee writing personally, not on behalf of my employer or anyone else , I find myself in agreement with Mark. This Luddite fear of modern, life saving technology is tragic, but sad reality. And not just that, but the misuse and abuse of science to advance a political cause is nothing short of criminal.
Labeling should not be necessary since it is very easy to find out what commodities are genetically modified, or not. It must include disclosure everywhere it exists, including restaurants, beverages, drugs, etc. After all, half of all food dollars spent in the U. In addition, to the previous point, there is pretty well established body of law in the U. Industry is opposing state by state initiatives because they cannot work. A federal solution is the only solution.
And when the labels appear and people see the price differences as they can now between most non-GM and GM foods, I suspect buying habits will not change. The pro-label forces will have to find a new business model to pick the pickets of their gullible contributors and invent new snake oil to peddle. But if industry were to concede this — mandating labeling based on a process, not on materiality — what will be the next demand?
What about listing whether plants were manipulated by humans in some other way grafting? Proximity to power lines? It was signed byan international group of more than 90 scientists, academics and physicians and is now open for further signatories.
The first sentence on the wiki article would have enlightened you:. The claim that it does exist is misleading and misrepresents the currently available scientific evidence and the broad diversity of opinion among scientists on this issue.
Moreover, the claim encourages a climate of complacency that could lead to a lack of regulatory and scientific rigour and appropriate caution, potentially endangering the health of humans, animals, and the environment.
We endorse the need for further independent scientific inquiry and informed public discussion on GM product safety and urge GM proponents to do the same. I tried to google the first name on that list and came up with… that list. It seems like another fake list of fake nonexistent people. Too bad you people resort to lies, pseaudoscience, threats and other underhand tactics instead of just conceding you lost the argument.
A list of names is not scientific anything. The body of literature is. You can ignore the science as much as you like and have an opinion as much as you like. The facts, however, does not change according to those opinions no matter how strongly held. The article at http: No, both lists are PDFs. The PDF currently available at sustainablepulse. And this has been accidentally revealed by sustainablepulse. A list of names does not constitute scientific consensus. Only the body of scientific literature.
I couldnt agree more. What about those of us who like knowing our dairy cows are on pasture at least days of the year according to federal law. An act of US Congress it was. Twelve years in the making and still being tinkered with, for better of for worse. Am I making a bigger deal than necessary about a comment?
Im curious about how you reconcile these viewpoints. Mark, as always I find your insights incredibly valuable.
What an interesting position! If someone had actually made this point, I might have voted yes on I But I never considered labeling to actually help achieve those ends. Too bad the initiative got so brutally crushed. Not only does the process differ, but the result does too. Truly natural crops nourish pests and humans ; BT crops grains kill pests because they generate their own insecticide in the plant. As resistant pests emerge, farmers have to spray on additional pesticides anyway.
Other GMO crops contain fungicidal toxins. So such crops nowadays get saturated with herbicides to kill weeds en masse, rather than hire workers to pull out weeds individually. If so, developers can add such distinguishing information to the label. Or with pyrethrins, sulfur, copper, rotenone?
Genetic literacy the lack thereof and scientific ignorance lie at the heart of this discussion. Look up the Genetic Literacy Project, which is an independent group of scientists who address biotech.
The genetic modifications typical in biotech involve the insertion of a few genes. Natural selection tends to eliminate genes that are harmful to an organism but works the opposite way for those that are harmful to its predators. In fact, plants and animals have naturally evolved many poisons, both to kill or deter predators and for other reasons. Note that we are the predators when we eat plants and other animals. Over thousands of years of trial and death, humans have learned which foods are most of the most acutely toxic, i.
These still are not subject to any kind of regulation or testing requirements. In fact, we know that natural foods contain such compounds. In addition, nature continues to modify genes randomly, and without any safety testing, all the time. In contrast, biotechnology products are extensively tested for any sign of an unintended harmful change.
Biotech products generally contain the same natural toxins as the natural varieties they are derived from, so they are not really much safer, if at all. But they are also not any more risky. They are subjected to testing, at least.
Well, thank you for that. However I found this report up to date and much closer to how I see the problems. Typical compilation of anecdotes, innuendo, pseudoscience and nonsense posted on a snake-oil site and written by a professional charlatan.
I suppose there is some new reason to believe that random mutations are appreciably more likely to be harmful if an unintended byproduct of biotechnology than if caused by other natural human processes, including the billions of completely random mutations that gave rise to all natural genomes in the first place.
There is however massive money being thrown at showing gmos are safe and most of it is lobbying and coercion. It took a long time to disprove them. Yet we still have to live with the long lasting effects of these poisons that were in use decades ago.
Everything is based on lies, pseudoscience and damned lies. What the anti-gmo cult hailed as a triumph recently, the fraudulent Carman pig study, was indeed funded by a seed company like Monsanto. Hypocrites all the way. It surprises me no end the number of people who mistrust the vast majority of scientists on this subject. Reminds me of the global-warming deniers who absolutely refuse to look at the scientific evidence. People remember thalidomide, tobacco, DDT, and so on.
Also there are more and more scientists who are anti-gmo. I know some really smart EEs, but none who would dare self publish papers so completely outside their field, in questionable journals. The remaining signators are mostly retired, with at most maybe 10 who are currently working in a related field. More and more scientists against GMO? You make it sound like thats true. Im not sure which college campuses you have been around beyond Europe, but thats simply not the mainstream view.
You can read exactly what has been said by a dozen commentors mostly anti-GMO ironically, that the university-govt-industrial complex is behind the development of almost all of these crops. So Im confused, is one system growing and getting too big, e. I ask that one only reads some of the literature coming out of India and Brazil; Thailand and the Phillipines. The methodology for breeding is here to stay. We have to learn how to use it properly and to our advantage where we can.
It can do too much good in this world to stop the exploration. You did not address what I wrote in my first reply to you, instead posting a link to a Jeffrey Smith screed posted on a snake oil site.
So, I will not take the time to dissect said screed, although I recognize many of the claims and know that they have been thoroughly debunked as you could easily ascertain with the use of google and the willingness to read and think. So, rather than spend my time to do this for you, I simply offer my considered and informed judgement of the link you posted.
Call it name-calling if you will, but it is my honest assessment. What I suspect is the root of this baffling contradiction is the inability to divorce the anti-Monsanto rhetoric from the concept and application of GMO foods. However, making this distinction is complicated and nuanced, and hard to put on a sign or bumper sticker. Thus the blanket opposition to anything and everything GMO. As a Washington State teacher and resident, I voted against the measure, and encouraged people to vote no because the labeling is a waste of time and resources that could be spent actually helping the people of my state.
Actually, the case against Monsanto is wildly overstated. I get that they are guilty of some abusive business practices but how much more so than other big corps? Why are they the most hated, more than Exxon or LockMart? The sources of the anti-biotech movement are rooted in the cult of nature, hostility to science, food purity fetishism, health paranoia, aging, identity politics and the business interests of the organic foods and alternative medicines industry.
For the Left, the local food co-op or petty-capitalist simulacrum thereof is one of the few surviving venues for community building and activist communication. These are, I think, the major factors that account for the remarkable strength and energy of this particular movement, despite its relative lack of intellectual or moral foundations.
The case against Monsanto is wildly understated. How much more so than other companies? That is a difficult thing to quantify. Why are they the most hated? So much environmental damages that they are responsible for the extinction of entire species. Nothing new for humans you might counter. Why more than Exxon? We make the choice to use oil every time we gas up. We even have the choice to be conservationists, and buy fuel efficient cars, homes well insulated etc.. It is all known and above board.
And when Exxon does have an accidental fuel spill, it really is an accident. Maybe they could do more to prevent accidents, but no one claims they dump millions of barrels of oil on purpose. And when a spill does happen they are right on it with the clean up.
They also to this day sell chemical products that are known, in fact even designed, to cause environmental harm. They justify it by saying they do less harm than the previous chemicals they used to market. The markets, the equipment, the support industries, all are built around an industrial farming model that is purposely killing entire ecosystems.
We have to eat you say? The majority of that is to grow livestock feed. Livestock that actually do far better on that tallgrass prairie, managed properly. They are most definitely a huge player in deciding how agriculture is done and very aggressively fighting any progress in fixing the problem. Diane, you may see this as a matter of respect; others see it as a matter of science vs. But what you are probably asking for is not to know the GCTAs but how they got there.
That distinction is something that many assume is meaningful and has implications for health or the environment. However, that assumption has no foundation in science. And it has zero to do with the subject at hand. But know that AO was thought out, sprayed, misused and ordered by the US government who also ignored safety warnings regarding it. Monsanto was obliged under law to make it and so was the dozen or so other companies that were producing it. Further, the Monsanto of today is not that of 50 years ago.
Way to go with the red herring. Until long term studies are available we should proceed cautiously as in year and longer studies. Heck, we should proceed cautiously now, given Indian livestock and farmer deaths, the Mexican maize debacle, Sherbrooke BT study on umbilical blood, etc…all signs of bashing into a party un-announced.
Who of sane reasoning cannot claim the environment to be of first value? So I see nothing wrong, only something fundamentally very sane, about being called an environmentalist. Maybe one day I will be honoured by the title as well. The environment is of first value and the forming of ones ideas, beliefs, and actions on the basis of environmental sustainability is essential.
Somehow the pro-GM crowd support what amounts to ballooning the population to 10 billion and quickly, through methods that grow crops off of microbe-dead soil. As if this 10 billion is an inevitability…which I suppose it will be if western multinationals are successful in establishing customers out of Asian peasant farmers.
Trouble is the planet apparently cannot keep up with all of our clever genetic tinkering in an industrial confluence of chemicals, genes and species generation. Keep highly controlled GM testing to tightly controlled labs held in the public domain not university labs which have fallen under industry control. GM is creating new species after all, and before these be allowed to cross-pollinate into the wild we need to protect the wild from these long-term untested species.
A return to local will represent a return to the dark ages for many and that is simply a product of a lack of imagination. We can take beautiful technologies, those not applied to seeds, into the new world of new locally-based and locally-oriented economies.
Utopia and the promise of world-savior technologies is only a distraction while we find ourselves smack in the middle of a smouldering global ecological crisis and species die-off. Can the tinkering little science-freaks go play with their genetic little games in lock down containers where the responsible people of the world can keep an eye on these adolescents? The rest of us will be busy at return-to-local economies focussed on the health essentials of eating both locally and according to what is locally in season.
That means no more GM mangoes from Hawaii for sale in Saskatoon, both for heath and for ecological reasons and yes, I am saying tropical fruit eaten out of season in northern climates is not good for you. I wonder how many of us can handle the idea of our glass cities crumbling as populations disperse and retreat into the country, where we were born by nature to belong, and with local markets and small communities becoming the cultural focal points?
For whom is this just too painful a possibility? Life, which mother nature is at least very reasonably well able to provide for us, and for which she has an impressive resume to show for. A resume that probably puts even the cleverest of the clever geneticists to shame.
Facts and evidence to the contrary welcomed and encouraged! PJ, it is apparent that you have done some reading on this subject, but only of anti-biotech writers.
I see no evidence that you have read much of Mark Lynas or any other critic of the anti-biotech movement, so why do you comment here? This is why I am writing…to discover. My hypothesis is that GM is a miserable failure at creating a living ecology experiencing full expression in a bio-diverse abundance. Proving my hypothesis wrong will in effect teach me how GM science is a boon. What have I discovered so far?
Adopting a human diet cats have a diet, cows have a diet, frogs have a diet. Humans have a diet and it is starch-based. Can we accept that humans have a diet and eliminate non-foods from the shopping list? Most of us can walk, ride, bus, or car pool to work, or find jobs that allow for this. With each adopter enlisting two more people to adopt these painfully simple ideas, and by law of the progression of numbers, millions will have set the stage to save their own ecosystems within months.
Our collective purchasing power will soon enough collapse the powers-that-be. The infrastructure is subsequently re-shaped by a completely displaced workforce, where someone in the new economy probably an exchange based economy takes things like food and shelter to lend what they know to build their local economy. You would be surprised at how self-regulating and adaptive this process is, even at the cost of the established global-based economy. Global based in replaced with local-based. Easy to argue this is how man was fit to interact with life.
This economic renewal would NOT be the armageddon so many in establishment fear. The way forward is antithetical to the growth of one thing only: Shareholders are firmly rooted in their shares however, so the demise will be gradual enough.
Why is this the only solution? Complex solutions geo-engineering, pant engineering, etc involve balancing one thing at the distortion of another thing. Nothing further could be from the truth and this has been evidenced time and time again. The kid loves to think he is capable but he is not. The evidence is irrefutable.
So far down the labyrinth of complex solutions and arguments have they given themselves over to. In fact we are supremely clever at one thing and one thing only: And if what I read is any indication, the crowd representing GM science is more than capable at going on the defensive.
What findings have consistently pointed to harm from bio-engineered foods? On the other hand there have been well over a thousand studies showing either no difference between transgenic foods and their conventional counterparts for human health, or in the case of golden rice, an indisputable improvement. We have a vast array of equipment and lab tests at our disposal to check for toxins, allergens and novel proteins capable of causing harm.
Transgenic crops have been thoroughly studied and the currently approved plants have all passed rigorous testing. Virtually all the plants we eat today are the result of man improving on nature. In nature plants evolve the same as animals do- to promote their own survival. Remember that the next time you enjoy an ear of maize or a juicy, ripe tomato, that nature made them small, hard and bitter tasting.
Plant diseases pose a serious threat to some of our most important foods like citrus fruits, which are at risk of being lost forever due to the Huanglongbing virus.
If there is an answer to this rampantly spreading, insect vector borne disease, it will probably be through genetic engineering which was tremendously successful with Hawaiian papaya, I should add. The same is true for the American chestnut tree, and undoubtedly many more in the future. Ten billion people is not a goal. It is likely going to happen, though, and we can either be prepared or face starvation and the further destruction of the planet.
Good on you for choosing not to have kids, though. My husband and I have made the same choice for the same reasons. Can someone point me to a comment where a scientist refers to tests aimed at proving a hypothesis false? Findings from such a study would pack incredible punch. But if you attempt to find a hypothesis false and cannot, you have truly discovered something. They want to cut and paste to prove a point, to educate! Some of whom even go so far as to want food labelling…as if that is horrible beyond horrible!
Stephanie, I do want kids. If what you say is true then GM will be a boon to my kids. So why the skepticism? Why not THANK the independent scientists whose efforts in true science to prove their hypothesis false subsequently failed, which would only bolster the scientific rationale for GM foods? We might turn around and fault them on spreading rumours and lies if they then turned quack and decided to publish results that went against their findings and against their conscience.
If this be the case, then thank you for setting the record straight for all of us, and let the biotech-led utopia-building effort continue! Seed manufacturers can froth at the mouth, just as they have set the stage for it already…providing families who could not feed one child now to feed 14 on plants engineered to grow off the sides of corrugated plastic.
So a few Mexican farmers go on hunger strikes to protest their native varieties of maize becoming pollinated by transgenic maize. So a few thousand livestock die grazing on BT cotton.
So a few commentators question the safety and sanity of a contraceptive gene spliced into breed which uses traditional corn as its base, taken under the ownership of a corporation. Just like what has been going on since pre-civilization, right Stephanie? What is lost in the ripened plant when its genes include novel traits, if anything?
While this key point may or may not be answered, we are quarrelling over methodology and spending the better part of our energies in subterfuge activities to discredit scientist who pursue this line of inquiry. It is almost imponderable to me that scientists would be coached into a line of study that conveniently ignores studying what could possibly be harmful to those species feeding off of organisms built with novel genes introduced into them.
Impossible and troubling to say the least that a science community is complicit in suppressing studies that proven harmful effects of feeding GM food to animals.
A long term human trial on GM safety is probably impossible, so we need to rely on observations made in the food web. Stephanie, I think you are leaning on the fact that isolating a control group of non-GM humans for long term trial studies is and will be impossible.
To prove GM as a smoking gun will therefore also never happen. I may be wrong but the prevalence of GM in our food supply would seem to suggest as much. So, as so many commentators many with scientific backgrounds have already suggested, we are guinea pigs in this centuries ongoing grand food experiment. Am I missing something? Tell me Stephanie or anyone else with a shred of sane reasoning left in them, or a conscience for that matter, are the studies that show harm to other species fed on GM plants as opposed to non-GM plants, or GM or non GM sprayed with pesticide or glyphosate only, etc.
As if the truth is ever black and white. My earlier post suggests biotech be a lock-down study spanning decades if not longer, harmless species then very carefully introduced to the wider ecology. I am not for black-or-white formative-type conclusions for or against GM…unless we see it is doing harm and needs to be further regulated, labelled, locked down so to speak. So many commentators say to relax and to stop trying to accuse GM of being anything other than a boon to mankind.
I would love to drift off into the sunset knowing this to be undeniable fact. The burden of proof does not fall on the critics however, it falls on the responsible product developers who carry the ethical responsibility of attempting to prove their hypothesis false that GM is safe as a way to prove their products safe. Control conditions can be set to prove out almost anything you want to prove, we all know that. Some might contend that trusting to industry that which is spliced into our food genes unlabelled at that is all fine and good.
What do plumbers know about food science anyway? I ask, what do scientists know about food science anyway? I see in my university professors and in comments here and elsewhere a scientific arrogance that is hard to find anywhere else, even in politics. Science is politics increasingly so…and as such the element of discovery which either will or will not serve industry is lost.
Industry has too much to lose by some unintended Truth. The opportunity to prove a point is far to lucrative to worry about discovery, it seems to me. If you are as genuinely interested in this subject as your torrent of words would suggest, then you should do some reading in earnest to find out whether your general view is accurate, or not. There is plenty of good information on this site, plus pointers to more. And I am certain you can find the sources on your own, if you are interested. There is a missing link in this whole debate.
Something is obviously happening between the GM lab tests and the independent tests which look at the effects on species longer term. Can anyone shed light on why this is so? But once a GM-fed species goes in for testing we see all sorts of calamities.
Is it possible that even though the gene combinations test as completely benign in the lab, that the lab is not picking up on qualities that are not being carried into the final product, the mature and ripened plant? Qualities which are essential for nutrition and development from embryo to full maturity? Is it possible that science has not discovered yet the full spectrum of how plants have evolved to nourish other organisms? Could artificially manipulating its genes at the earliest stage of development and from a different species set off a world of developmental stage changes that, in the end, negatively impact on the plants ability to deliver nourishment?
The cost being those traits which would have expressed otherwise, and which never will be recognized by any measuring device when they do not express simply because science did not know what to look for. This might even be the actual case unless of course science has already discovered everything there is to discover about the life of plants.
If you are going to frame the issue simplistically in terms of rights, then what is at stake is the right to produce and market food without having the government require that it be labeled absent any scientific grounds for concern about health, safety or environmental protection. Well, technically speaking, yes. Systems of rights and such are determined largely a priori, taking into consideration few basic contingent facts as possible, if any at all.
Instead one must rely on reason and logic, and at least establish internal consistency. If a theory predicts an empirical observable event, then we can test that with science… But ethics simply propose what should happen, not what does happen. So we should apply meaningless labels rather than educate.
Evidence presented below and in Chapters 4 and 5 suggests that problems are arising from all three sources. Such processes are occurring constantly in nature, and are deliberately induced by traditional breeding methods. All living organisms are the result of billions of such processes. The only ones that are systematically tested for subtle harmful effects are those done by means of biotechnology. At least in the case of biotech we have some idea that a potentially harmful gene has been added and so we can test if it is actually harmful.
The herbicide glyphosate Roundup is a less-harmful alternative to more toxic herbicides that have been extensively used. It use is not known to cause any health effects in consumers or any significant environmental impacts.
The more I mull it over the more the idea appeals to me, if done right of course, and if applied to all farming practices. People use that as a slippery slope objection to this, but it is being consistent and fair if the principle of informed descision making by the public is truly valued. Just have a boring non-judgmental list of all the farming practices, that may have been involved in the making of the product, looking simply like an extension of already existing Nutrition labels.
My question is whether the view expressed two years ago, that GMO advocates should take the road to acceptance and vindication by embracing labelling, is still your position? Or have you in the interim come up with a convincing counter-argument to that Indian scientist?
I ask as an otherwise anti-GMO leaning consumer because both your arguments for GMO advantages and consumer comfort and education seem to me to make a great deal of sense. Your email address will not be published. Why we need to label GMOs. Ladies and gentlemen, In just about three weeks from now, on November 5, Washington State will likely pass a ballot initiative to label GMOs. Mark Lynas Post author 16 October at 2: Loren Eaton 16 October at 2: Peter Simmons 18 October at Din Morfar 18 October at 1: Well, organic does kill people.
Mary M 15 October at 7: Katy Richards 15 October at 9: Jeff Walther 16 October at 4: Rick 16 October at 8: Robert Wilson 16 October at 1: Thanks Mark Interesting perspective. Mary M 16 October at 7: Yeah, I used enviro ads as an example, but there are actually 3 main things I hear about that people must have the right to know because of: Where do their label demands end? Jim Montgomery 19 October at 4: James Bentley 14 May at 6: Marco Rosaire Conrad-Rossi 16 October at 4: Din Morfar 18 October at Madeleine Love 16 October at 4: Din Morfar 16 October at 9: Peter Ford 18 October at 6: Nick 16 October at Din Morfar 16 October at 2: Todd 18 October at Timothy Utley 16 October at Human Genome 16 October at 8: Kristi 16 October at 4: Lynden Shields 17 October at 2: Can you cite an example of that happening?
Lynden Shields 18 October at 1: Peter, you need to back your statements up with evidence. Tammy Olson 16 October at 4: Estefania 15 November at 9: Penny 16 October at 5: Lynden Shields 16 October at 9: PythagoreanCrank 17 October at Harold Keyser 17 October at 8: Tammy 17 October at 1: Peter Simmons 18 October at 9: Clyde Davies 17 October at 6: Alan K 17 October at Not sure if that comment above is satire…. Alan K 18 October at 5: Clyde Davies 22 October at Peter Simmons 18 October at 1: Brenda Frketich 18 October at 8: Frederik V 18 October at 8: Din Morfar 21 October at Rupert 7 November at The Standford meta study found the following: Din Morfar 8 November at 1: CL Roberson 19 October at 2: Kevin 19 October at 2: Scott 21 October at 5: The good news is that you solve many pressing issues we face simply by eliminating CAFOs.
Need to cool the planet? Sara 21 October at 7: Traci 22 October at 5: Din Morfar 22 October at Interesting how those that are most ignorant about technology are busy calling other ignorant.
Scott 23 October at Peter 24 October at 7: Paul DC 25 October at 3: Mark Gubrud 25 October at 4: Kelly Johnston 25 October at Margaret 29 October at 4: Din Morfar 30 October at 9: The first sentence on the wiki article would have enlightened you: Din Morfar 30 October at Margaret 30 October at 5: Din Morfar 30 October at 8: Margaret 30 October at 8: Margaret 30 October at On the list I link to Luigi de Andrea is 23rd.
Peter Ford 31 October at Still, the main point is, consensus is not the same as unanimity. Margaret 31 October at 7: Thank you, Peter, for explaining that. Din Morfar 31 October at 8: Margaret 1 November at Matthew 5 November at 1: Russ 6 November at 5: CommonGround 9 November at 8: Din Morfar 11 November at 2: Farmscience 18 November at 3: Margaret 19 November at 8: Mark Gubrud 20 November at 6: Margaret 20 November at 5: Mark Gubrud 20 November at 5: Margaret 20 November at 6: Is name calling the best you can do?
Margaret 20 November at 7: Mark Gubrud 20 November at 8: If I thought it would be possible to make you think, I might try. However, I missed that important development in biology… perhaps you could fill me in? Eli 28 November at Oh, you mean like when this highly accredited and respected scientist found exactly that?
Din Morfar 28 November at 7: Margaret 28 November at Din Morfar 28 November at Din Morfar 28 November at 2: Estefania 19 November at 8: Matthew 19 November at 8: Justin 20 November at 8: Mark Lynas Post author 20 November at 9: And thanks for your other contributions… Mark. Scott 5 December at 5: Diane 22 November at 7: Mark Gubrud 23 November at 2: Canadian regulation tightly controls the manner in which the nutrition fact table NFT data are laid out. There is a wide variety of possible formats for use on a given food package.
A selection hierarchy is used to select among the many formats 28 main formats, and sub formats for each. This results in standard vertical formats being considered for use before horizontal and linear formats. In practice, determining the ADS of a package, and selecting the appropriate NFT format, can be a detailed calculation. The core nutrients that must be on a label are: Energy is noted in kJ.
An example is shown on the right. The panel is optional, but if provided, the prescribed content and format must be followed. First will come the energy values, in both kilocalories and kilojoules. Then will come a breakdown of constituent elements: The "fat" figure is likely to be further broken down into saturated and unsaturated fat, while the "carbohydrate" figure is likely to give a subtotal for sugars.
With the "new" rules, the mandatory information is: Moreover, the health claims associated to barley beta-gluten were amended e. Within Regulation , there are legal definitions of terms such as "low fat", "high fibre", "reduced calories".
All health claims have been harmonised in the European Union. They can be used if they have been approved by EFSA. The list of approved and rejected claims is available on a web site. Provided the full nutrition information is shown on the packet, additional nutritional information and formats e. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare had, on September 19, , notified the Prevention of Food Adulteration 5th Amendment Rules, , mandating packaged food manufacturers to declare on their product labels nutritional information and a mark from the F.
O or Agmark Companies that are responsible for checking food products to enable consumers make informed choices while purchasing. It entered into effect on January 24,  and defines "General specifications for labelling foods and pre-bottled non-alcoholic beverages. In the United States , the Nutritional Facts label lists the percentage supplied that is recommended to be met, or to be limited, in one day of human nutrients based on a daily diet of 2, calories.
With certain exceptions, such as foods meant for babies, the following Daily Values are used. As of October , the only micronutrients that are required to be included on all labels are vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, and iron.
Food and Drug Administration for review. Additionally, there is a requirement for ingredients to be listed in order from highest to lowest quantity, according to their weight. Food and Drug Administration. The law required food companies to begin using the new food label on packaged foods beginning May 8, Department of Agriculture proposed similar regulations for voluntary labeling of raw meat and poultry.
This appeared on all products in The label begins with a standard serving measurement, calories are listed second, and then following is a breakdown of the constituent elements. Always listed are total fat , sodium , carbohydrates and protein ; the other nutrients usually shown may be suppressed, if they are zero.
Usually all 15 nutrients are shown: Amounts less than 0. For example, if a product contains 0. In addition to the nutrition label, products may display certain nutrition information or health claims on packaging.
These health claims are only allowed by the FDA for "eight diet and health relationships based on proven scientific evidence", including: The nutrition facts label currently appears on more than 6. The FDA does not require any specific typeface be used in the Nutrition Facts label, mandating only that the label "utilize a single easy-to-read type style",  though its example label uses Helvetica.
In January , Trans fat was required to be listed under saturated fat. This was the first significant change to the Nutrition Facts panel since it was introduced in In , the U.
Food and Drug Administration proposed several simultaneous improvements to nutrition labeling for the first time in over 20 years. Proposed changes included a new design requiring serving sizes to more accurately reflect how many servings the average individual is actually consuming. The proposed labels were to also list how much sugar is added rather than inherent to a product, as well as declaring the amount of Vitamin D and potassium in a product.
The proposal to indicate sugar added during food production, in particular, was brought forward by the FDA as a measure to counter the increase in per capita sugar consumption in the US, which over the last decades exceeded the limits recommended by scientific institutions and governmental agencies.
The rules for the new design were finalized on May 20, As of , the TTB does not require alcoholic beverage packaging to have a nutrition facts label.